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Timeline

2023

New Model: 12 T Asymmetric Magnet for Neutron Scattering

HTS-110 continues to innovate with a 12 T magnet designed for the neutron scattering community, offering new LTS alternatives.

2019

Development of 12 T SuperCurrent Magnet

HTS-110 achieves a new 12 T benchmark utilising an updated magnet, that was designed from the ground up for superconductor characterization.

2017

Launch of 9.4 T NMR Magnet

HTS-110 introduces a 9.4 T NMR magnet, the first dry magnet to demonstrate high-resolution NMR spectroscopy, further advancing NMR capabilities with innovative HTS high-field magnet solutions.

2015

Introduction of Fast-Ramping 5 T Split Pair Magnet

HTS-110 introduces a fast-ramping 5 Tesla split pair magnet, designed for ultrafast magnetic field cycling with a 4-quadrant cycle in 1 minute.

2011

8.6 T Photo-Emission Spectroscopy Magnet Launched

HTS-110’s 8.6 T magnet for photo-emission spectroscopy achieved the highest field to date, utilizing paired magnets for X-ray and electron analysis. Operational since 2011 and refurbished in 2023, it exemplifies advanced high-Tc superconducting technology.

2009

Prime Minister's Science Prize Awarded for HTS Research

Drs. Bob Buckley and Jeff Tallon receive the Prime Minister’s Science Prize for superconductor research and commercialization at Industrial Research Limited (IRL).

2009

First HTS Coil Synchrotron Magnet

HTS-110 delivers the first synchrotron magnet equipped with HTS coils to Brookhaven National Laboratory, representing the only HTS coil-based magnet for synchrotron applications globally at that time.

2007

5.4 T Neutron Scattering Magnet Delivered

HTS-110 delivers a cutting-edge 5.4 T magnet for neutron scattering, marking the first commercial move from coils to an integrated magnet solution. This system was their first 5 T, and x-ray scattering, magnet.

2004

Establishment of HTS-110

The inception of HTS-110 in 2004 underlines its pioneering legacy in HTS technology. Their offering commercial offering included CryoSaver™ current leads, and bespoke HTS projects alongside internal R&D.

2001

BSSCO HTS Wire Commercialised

American Superconductor Corporation produces 400 km of HTS wire per year, using a multifilamentary BSCCO-2223 composite tape, developed from Jeff Tallon’s research at IRL.

1996

First Large-Scale Physics Magnet

A Bi-2223 HTS coil-based ion beam switching magnet is installed at the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Science, the first large-scale fully operational HTS physics magnet globally. The magnet generates 0.72 T in the airgap between two 410/spl times/700 mm warm iron poles.

1990

IRL Commences a Decade of HTS Wire R&D

Industrial Research Limited (IRL) dedicates a decade to advancing HTS wire technology, laying the groundwork for future innovations.

1989

First HTS Wire Demonstrating Critical Current

Two teams demonstrate critical current in HTS wire using BSSCO, with one producing round wire and the other flat tape.

1988

DSIR Electron Microscope Identifies BSCCO-2223 (110 K)

Using an electron microscope, Drs. Buckley and Tallon identify BSCCO-2223, marking a significant advancement in HTS material science.

1988

BSSCO Class - HTS Material Discovery

The discovery of the BSSCO class, a High-Tc Oxide Superconductor without a Rare Earth Element, paves the way for HTS wires.

1987

YBCO - HTS Material Discovery (92 K)

Paul Chu’s group discovers replacing lanthanum (LBCO) with yttrium (YBCO), enables superconductivity above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen, drastically reducing cooling costs, and paving the way to viable commercialisation.

1986

Cuprate - Superconductor Material Breakthrough (35 K)

Bednorz and Müller discover high-temperature superconductivity in a lanthanum-based cuprate perovskite material with a Tc of 35 K, marking a new era for superconductors.

1980

First Commercial Whole-body Superconducting MRI Scanner

The first commercial whole-body MRI machines are introduced, revolutionizing medical imaging, built by Oxford Instruments.

1973

Nb3Ge - Superconductor Material Discovery (23 K)

Nb3Ge is discovered with a Tc of 23 K, setting a record for the highest ambient-pressure Tc until the later discovery of cuprate superconductors.

1972

First superconducting MRI machine "Indomitable"

Raymond Damadian, Larry Minkoff and Michael Goldsmith with “Indomitable” the world’s first supercooled, superconducting MR scanner and the world’s first MRI machine.

1964

First Superconducting NMR Magnet (220MHz)

Varian Associates develops the first superconducting NMR magnet at 220 MHz, enhancing NMR technology.

1962

Theoretical Prediction of Josephson Effect

Brian Josephson predicts that a supercurrent can flow between two superconductors separated by a thin insulator, leading to the Josephson effect.

1962

Niobium-Titanium Identified as Leading LTS Wire Candidate

T.G. Berlincourt and R.R. Hake identify niobium–titanium alloys as leading candidates for LTS wire.

1962

First Commercial Superconducting Magnet

Sir Martin and Audrey Woods design the first commercially available superconducting magnet, hand-wound and powered with his car battery and rheostat.

1961

Niobium-Tin - Superconductor Material Discovery

The discovery that niobium-tin supports high current density marks a significant advancement in the development of powerful supermagnets.

1957

Introduction of BCS Theory

John Bardeen, Leon Cooper, and Robert Schrieffer propose the BCS theory, providing a comprehensive explanation for electron pairing in superconductors.

1952

First commercial NMR spectrometer

Varian Associates sells the first commercial NMR spectrometer, pioneering early development work in close association with Felix Blochʼs group at Stanford.

1933

Meissner Effect Discovered

Walther Meissner and Robert Ochsenfeld discover that superconductors expel applied magnetic fields, a phenomenon known as the Meissner effect.

1911

Discovery of Superconductivity by Onnes

Professor Heike Kamerlingh Onnes and his team in Leiden, Netherlands, discover superconductivity in mercury, noting that its resistance approached “practically zero.”